Software Defined Radio Device/Software/Application Guide

By | 2019年5月10日

注意:本文内容仅限于实验室安全测试目的,禁止用于任何商业或违反当地法律法规的活动。

不管是较贵的Ettus还是入门的HackRF,抑或是最初级的RTL-SDR设备,都可以使用这篇教程中的绝大部分内容。

https://github.com/mossmann/hackrf/wiki

https://www.hackrf.net/hackrf%E4%B8%8Egnuradio%E5%85%A5%E9%97%A8%E6%8C%87%E5%8D%97/

http://www.hackrf.net/faq/

https://wiki.myriadrf.org/LimeSDR

https://myriadrf.org/news/limesdr-made-simple-part-1/

雪碧0xroot的PPT

0. 环境准备

0.1 硬件

HackRF One Ettus B200 Ettus B210 BladeRF x40 LimeSDR LimeSDR mini
Frequency Range 1MHz-6GHz 70MHz-6GHz 70MHz-6GHz 300MHz-3.8GHz 100kHz-3.8GHz 100kHz-3.5GHz
RF Bandwidth 20MHz 61.44MHz 61.44MHz 40MHz 61.44MHz 30.72MHz
Sample Depth 8 bits 12 bits 12 bits 12 bits 12 bits 12 bits
Sample Rate 20MSPS 61.44MSPS 61.44MSPS 40MSPS 3.2MSPS 61.44MSPS
Transmitter Channels 1 1 2 1 2 1
Receivers 1 1 2 1 2 1
Duplex Half Full Full Full Full Full
Interface USB 2.0 USB 3.0 USB 3.0 USB 3.0 USB 3.0 USB 3.0
Programmable Logic Gates 64 macrocell CPLD 75k 100k 40k (115k avail) 40k 40k
Chipset MAX5864, MAX2837, RFFC5072 AD9364 AD9361 LMS6002M LMS7002M LMS7002M
Open Source Full Schematic, Firmware Schematic, Firmware Schematic, Firmware Full Full
Oscillator Precision +/-20ppm +/-2ppm +/-2ppm +/-1ppm  +/-1ppm initial

+/-4ppm stable

 +/-1ppm initial

+/-4ppm stable

Transmit Power -10dBm+ (15dBm @ 2.4GHz) 10dBm+ 10dBm+ 6dBm  0 to 10dBm 0 to 10dBm
Price 249€ euros VAT Exc. 991€ euros VAT Exc. 1658€ euros VAT Exc. 625€ euros VAT Exc. 332€ euros VAT Exc. 190€ euros VAT Exc.

0.2 驱动

0.3 软件

https://unicorn.360.com/blog/2017/04/12/LimeSDR-Getting-Started-Quickly/

https://oneguyoneblog.com/2016/09/15/sdrsharp-sdr-installing-windows-10/

下载SDR#后,重启按F7进入“禁用驱动签名”的运行模式,运行其中的install-rtlsdr.bat,替换第0个驱动

 

1. 接收信号

接收信号建议使用gqrx(MacOS、Linux),也可以用sdrsharp(Windows)。

https://www.rtl-sdr.com/big-list-rtl-sdr-supported-software/

接收信号以后,你可以做的内容就比较多了,这里我会举一些比较有意思的例子。

1.1. 听广播/看电视

http://dalvikplanet.blogspot.com/2017/03/how-to-get-working-rtl2832u-r820t2-on.html

1.2. 接收气象云图

SDR软件

虚拟声卡

WXtoimg

gpredict/orbitron

https://www.rtl-sdr.com/rtl-sdr-tutorial-receiving-noaa-weather-satellite-images/

https://wischu.com/archives/528.html

 

GSM嗅探

https://www.cnblogs.com/k1two2/p/7000942.html

1.3. 接收GPS信息

https://swling.com/blog/2016/04/guest-post-using-the-hackrf-one-for-dgps-beacon-reception/

1.4. 方向探测与被动雷达 Direction Finding and Passive Rador

https://www.rtl-sdr.com/ksdr/

1.5. 接收whatever you want LEGALLY

zigbee https://github.com/bastibl/gr-ieee802-15-4

https://github.com/BastilleResearch/scapy-radio/tree/master/gnuradio/gr-zigbee

2. 发送信号

2.1. 发送GPS信号

https://gist.github.com/gyaresu/343ae51ecbb70486e270

https://www.cnblogs.com/k1two2/p/5477291.html#4245780

https://gorgias.me/2017/07/30/HackRF-GPS-%E6%AC%BA%E9%AA%97/

2.2. 发送文字/音视频

Windows软件sdrangel

http://gareth.codes/hackrf-transmit/

https://github.com/fsphil/hacktv

http://www.irrational.net/2014/03/02/digital-atv/

http://www.hackrf.net/2014/06/hackrf_nbfm_tx_n_ctcss_squelch/

http://www.xn--hrdin-gra.se/blog/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/nbfm-tx.grc

https://gist.github.com/gyaresu/343ae51ecbb70486e270

3. 收发信号

GSM

https://www.evilsocket.net/2016/03/31/how-to-build-your-own-rogue-gsm-bts-for-fun-and-profit/

https://yatebts.com/open_source/

https://cn0xroot.com/2017/01/10/iot-mode-fuzzing-with-openbt/

LTE

https://yq.aliyun.com/articles/310348

https://www.cnblogs.com/k1two2/p/5666667.html

https://cn0xroot.com/2017/04/12/limesdr-getting-started-quickly/

 

OpenBTS+LimeSDR

Prepare:

Ubuntu Desktop 16.04 & LimeSDR 1.4s with LimeSuite 17.12(If not, OpenUSRP will fail.)

Install build-essential packages

 

Change to UHD driver via uhd

 

Or, Change to UHD driver via SoapySDR

Build OpenBTS

4. SDR

软件定义无线电的内容即是可以灵活定义信号的处理过程,比如输出到TCP/UDP、文字音视频解码等。其中比较有名的有GNURadio、SoapySDR、Pothos(IDE)等(这里以GNURadio为例)。推荐在Linux中安装,当然也可在MacOS或者Windows中使用MacPorts进行安装,除此之外,也有PyBombs可选。

在MacOS中安装需要使用MacPorts、XQuartz,MacPorts安装内容如下。

然后打开XQuartz,将/opt/local/bin/gnuradio-companion加入到X自定义应用程序菜单中(建议修改默认的X终端程序内容为xterm -e “source ~/.bash_profile;/bin/bash”)。

https://greatscottgadgets.com/sdr/

https://gist.github.com/machinaut/addf3438ef0c1a9cad38

https://osmocom.org/projects/gr-osmosdr/wiki/GrOsmoSDR#RTL-SDRSource

https://pypi.org/project/pyrtlsdr/#description

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